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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

List of Articles

Volume 30 (1982)

The Role of Analytic Neutrality in the Use of the Child Analyst as a New Object  3
Judith F. Chused, M.D.
The Development of Masculinity: A Cross-Cultural Contribution  29
Robert J. Stoller, M.D. and Gilbert H. Herdt, Ph.D.
A Developmental Line of Gender Identity, Gender Role, and Choice of Love Object  61
Phyllis Tyson, Ph.D.
Platonic Love, Transference Love, and Love in Real Life  87
Martin S. Bergmann
The Choice of a Name: "Dora" and Freud's Relationship with Breuer  113
Hannah S. Decker, Ph.D.
A Method for Studying the Analysis of Aspects of the Patient's Experience of the Relationship in Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy  137
Merton M. Gill, M.D. and Irwin Z. Hoffman, Ph.D.
On Some Clinical Implications of Action Language  169
Donald P. Spence, Ph.D.
Gender and Gender Role  185
Robert J. Stoller, M.D. and Samuel Wagonfeld, M.D.
New Directions in Affect Theory  197
Peter Hartocollis, M.D. and Eva P. Lester, M.D.
Construction and Reconstruction: Clinical Aspects  213
Homer C. Curtis, M.D. and Arthur Malin, M.D.
Sexual Excitement: By Robert J. Stoller. New York: Pantheon, 1979, 281 pp., $11.95.  237
Vann Spruiell, M.D.
Human Sexuality: A Comparative and Developmental Perspective: Edited by Herant Katchadourian. Berkeley & Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1979, 358 pp., $14.95.  245
Eleanor Galenson, M.D.
Freud: The Man and the Cause: By Ronald W. Clark. New York: Random House, 1980, xii + 632 pp., $19.95.  253
Arnold A. Rogow, Ph.D.
The Scientific Credibility of Freud's Theories and Therapy: By Seymour Fisher and Roger Greenberg. New York: Basic Books, 1977, 502 pp., $22.50.  258
Frederick F. Shevin, M.D.
Psychoanalysis and the History of the Individual: By Hans Loewald. New Haven, Conn.: Yale Univ. Press, 1978, x + 77 pp., $7.95.  265
Stuart Asch, M.D.
Book Notices  277
Man's Reach  325
Rebecca Z. Solomon, M.D.
Serious Illness in the Analyst: Transference, Countertransference, and Reality Responses  347
Paul A. Dewald, M.D.
Serious Illness in the Analyst: Countertransference Considerations  365
Sander M. Abend, M.D.
The Theory of Gender Identity Disorders  381
Jon K. Meyer, M.D.
The Resolution of a Transsexual Wish in a Five-Year-Old Boy  419
Loretta Loeb, M.D. and Morton Shane, M.D.
Fixing Women: Devaluation, Idealization, and the Female Fetish  435
Elizabeth A. Waites, Ph.D.
The Symbol of Telephoning  461
Leonard Shengold, M.D.
The Patient's Own Pillow on the Couch  471
Wayne A. Myers, M.D.
Archaic Introjects and the Cosmology of H. G. Wells  487
Alan Parkin, M.D.
Metaphors and Isomorphisms: Analogical Reasoning in Beyond the Pleasure Principle  509
Cecilio Paniagua, M.D.
The Nature of the Oedipus Complex in the Dora Case  555
Alan Krohn, Ph.D. and Janis Krohn, M.S.
The Exit Line: Heightened Transference-Countertransference Manifestations at the End of the Hour  579
Glen O. Gabbard, M.D.
Twin Transference as a Compromise Formation  599
Stanley J. Coen, M.D. and Paul A. Bradlow, M.D.
"Developmental Lag" in the Evolution of Technique for Psychoanalysis of Neurotic Conflict  621
Paul Gray, M.D.
Notes on Critical Examinations of the Primal Scene Concept  657
Gerhard Dahl, Ph.D.
The Current Psychoanalytic Dialogue: Its Counterpart in Renaissance Philosophy  679
Simon A. Grolnick, M.D.
Beyond Lay Analysis: Pathways to a Psychoanalytic Career  701
Robert S. Wallerstein, M.D. and Newell Fischer, M.D.
Psychoanalytic Theories of the Self  717
Ernst A. Ticho, Ph.D. and Arnold D. Richards, M.D.
The Concordance to the Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud: Edited by Samuel A. Guttman, Randall L. Jones, and Stephen M. Parrish. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1980, 6 Vols., lxxiii + 5512 pp., $525.00.  737
Stanley Goodman, M.D.
The Technique of Child Psychoanalysis. Discussions with Anna Freud: By Joseph Sandler, Hansi Kennedy, and Robert L. Tyson. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980, 277 pp., $17.50.  743
Jules Glenn, M.D.
The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, Vol. 35: Edited by Albert J. Solnit, Ruth S. Eissler, Anna Freud, Phyllis Greenacre, Marianne Kris, Peter B. Neubauer. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1980, 465 pp., $35.00.  751
Isidor Bernstein, M.D.
The Adolescent Passage: Developmental Issues: By Peter Blos. New York: International Universities Press, 1979, 521 pp., $30.00.  754
J. Alexis Burland, M.D.
Infancy: Its Place in Human Development: By Jerome Kagan, Richard B. Kearsley, and Phillip R. Zelazo. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1978, 325 pp., $6.95  758
Eleanor Galenson, M.D.
Mothers, Fathers, and Children: Explorations in the Formation of Character in the First Seven Years: By Sylvia Brody and Sidney Axelrad, in association with Ethel Horn, Marsha Moroh, and Marvin Taylor. New York: International Universities Press, 1978, xiii + 669 pp., $35.00.  762
Lois B. Murphy, Ph.D.
New Directions in Childhood Psychopathology. Vol. 1: Developmental Considerations: Edited by Saul I. Harrison and John F. McDermott, Jr. New York: International Universities Press, 1981, 600 pp., $35.00.  775
Donald Cohen, M.D.
Beyond Interpretation: By John Gedo. New York: International Universities Press, 1978, xii + 280 pp., $22.50.  780
Robert Michels, M.D.
Countertransference and Related Subjects: By Harold F. Searles. New York: International Universities Press, 1979, xi + 625 pp., $35.00.  783
Leon Chattah, M.D.
The Dynamics of Psychological Development: By Alexander Thomas and Stella Chess. New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1980, 287 pp., $15.75.  786
R. M. Gonzalez, M.D.
Book Notices  791
Thoughts on the Emergence of the Sense of Self, with Particular Emphasis on the Body Self  827
Margaret S. Mahler, M.D. and John B. McDevitt, M.D.
The Alternate Schools and the Self  849
Ernst A. Ticho, Ph.D.
The Self in Psychoanalytic Theory  863
Leo Rangell, M.D.
Self, Ego, Affects, and Drives  893
Otto F. Kernberg, M.D.
The Self as Fantasy: Fantasy as Theory  919
William I. Grossman, M.D.
The Superordinate Self in Psychoanalytic Theory and in the Self Psychologies  939
Arnold D. Richards, M.D.
Theories of the Self and Psychoanalytic Concepts: Discussion  959
Harold P. Blum, M.D.
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