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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

 
List of Articles


Volume 48 (2000)

Issue 1
JAPA 2000  5
Arnold D. Richards
Analytic Technique Today  9
Sander M. Abend
Warren S. Poland  16
 
The Analyst's Witnessing and Otherness  17
Warren S. Poland
Commentary  35
Jorge L. Ahumada
Commentary  41
Emanuel Berman
Commentary  48
Marcia Cavell
Commentary  57
André Green
Commentary  72
Alfred Margulies
Commentary  80
Warren S. Poland
Countertransference, Conflictual Listening, and the Analytic Object Relationship  95
Henry F. Smith
Finding the Neutral Position: Patient and Analyst Perspectives  129
Ronald Baker
The Therapeutic and Working Alliances  155
Robert S. Hausner
Love in the Therapeutic Alliance  189
Jack Novick and Kerry Kelly Novick
On the Receiving End: Facilitating the Analysis of Conflicted Drive Derivatives of Aggression  219
Paul Gray
What is a Deep Interpretation?  237
Fred Busch
Self-Criticism and the Psychic Surface  255
Lawrence Josephs
On Jonathan Lear  283
Marcia Cavell
American Psychoanalysis in the New Millennium  293
Glen O. Gabbard
Diversity
The Modern Freudians: Contemporary Psychoanalytic Technique: Carolyn S. Ellman, Stanley Grand, Mark Silvan, and Steven J. Ellman. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson, 1998, 298 pp., $50.00.  297
Peggy B. Hutson
Melting the Darkness: The Dyad and Principles of Clinical Practice: Warren S. Poland. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson, 1996, xvi + 310 pp., $45.00.  300
Michael J. Gundle
Rethinking Clinical Technique: Fred Busch. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson, 1999, 218 pp., 218 pp., $40.00  302
Howard K. Welsh
Deepening the Treatment: Jane S. Hall. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson, 1998, 214 pp., $40.00  305
Alma H. Bond
Diversity and Direction in Psychoanalytic Technique: Fred Pine. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998, viii + 234 pp., $25.00  308
Jacob G. Jacobson
Tradition and Change in Psychoanalysis: Roy Schafer. Madison, CT: International Universities Press, 1997, xvi + 271 pp., $42.50  311
Jacob G. Jacobson
Relational Psychoanalysis: The Emergence of a Tradition: Stephen A. Mitchell and Lewis Aron. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 1999, 496 pp., $37.50 paperback.  315
Glen O. Gabbard
Unformulated Experience: From Dissociation to Imagination in Psychoanalysis: Donnel B. Stern. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 1997, xv + 293 pp., $45.00.  317
Margaret Crastnopol
Building Bridges: Negotiation of Paradox in Psychoanalysis: Stuart A. Pizer. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 1998, 248 pp., $39.95.  322
Donnel B. Stern
Standing in the Spaces: Essays on Clinical Process, Trauma, and Dissociation: Philip Bromberg. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 1998, 376 pp., $55.00.  328
Philip A. Ringstrom
Holding and Psychoanalysis: A Relational Perspective: Joyce Anne Slochower. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 1996, 208 pp., $36.00.  332
Steven J. Ellman
Intimate Attachments: Toward a New Self Psychology: Morton Shane Estelle Shane Mary and Gales. New York: Guilford Press, 1997, 242 pp., $35.00.  336
Ruth Gruenthal
Heinz Kohut and the Psychology of the Self (Makers of Modern Psychotherapy): Allen M. Siegel. New York: Routledge, 1996, 226 pp., $69.95, hardcover; $24.99, paperback.  341
Todd Essig
Issue 2
Robert Michels  348
 
“The Write Stuff”  351
Lynn Whisnant Reiser
The Case History  355
Robert Michels
Commentary  376
Sydney Pulver
Commentary  381
Stephen B. Bernstein
Commentary  391
Philip Rubovits-Seitz
Commentary  397
Imre Szecsödy
Commentary  403
David Tuckett
Commentary  411
Arnold Wilson
Commentary  417
Robert Michels
On Writing from Clinical Experience  421
Jill Savege Scharff
Why We Need to Write Openly About Our Clinical Cases  449
Stanley J. Coen
Clinical Discussants as Psychoanalytic Readers  471
Stanley J. Coen
A Semiotic Model of Mind  497
David D. Olds
The Mapmaker's Dilemma: Introduction to Panels  531
Lawrence Friedman
Subjectivity and Objectivity in the Analyst  539
Melvin Berg
Spontaneity Versus Constraint: Dilemmas in the Analyst's Decision Making  549
Charles W. Brice
Supervision as an Intersubjective Process: Hearing from Candidates and Supervisors  561
Lee Jaffe
Countertransference, Self-Examination, and Interpretation  571
Jean Roiphe
Meet the Author: Fred Busch  581
Alan Sugarman
Lawrence Friedman and the Trouble with “Reality”  593
David Pincus
Commentary  598
Lawrence Friedman
No Self-Disclosure, Just a Typo  599
Henry F. Smith
CCRT Not Rorschach-Derived  600
Lewis A. Kirshner
Writing About Books: Musings and Suggestions from Two Editors  605
Salman Akhtar and Glen O. Gabbard
Diversity
Working in Depth: A Clinician's Guide to Framework and Flexibility in the Analytic Relationship: Elliot Adler and Janet Lee Bachant Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson, 1998, 294 pp., $60.00  615
Kimberlyn Leary
Being of Two Minds: The Vertical Split in Psychoanalysis: Arnold Goldberg. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 1999, 185 pp., $34.50  618
Leonard Horwitz
Transcending the Self: An Object Relations Model of Psychoanalytic Therapy: Frank L. Summers. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 1999, 280 pp., $45.00  622
Ronald Baker
Reverie and Interpretation: Sensing Something Human: Thomas H. Ogden. Jason Aronson, 1999, 286 pp., $30.00 paperback  628
James S. Grotstein
The Elusive Human Subject: Roger Kennedy. London: Free Association Books, 1998, vii + 226 pp., $22.50 paperback  632
Stuart A. Pizer
A Mind of One's Own: A Kleinian View of Self and Object: Robert Caper. London: Routledge, 1998, 176 pp., $85.00 hardcover, $29.99 paperback  637
John Steiner
Jacques Lacan: Elizabeth Roudinesco.; translated by Barbara Bray. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997, 496 pp., $39.00 hardcover, $19.50 paperback  644
William J. Richardson
Therapeutic Action
What do Psychoanalysts Want? The Problem of Aims in Psychoanalytic Therapy: Joseph Sandler and Anna Ursula Dreher. New York: Routledge, 1996, 160 pp., $59.95 hardcover, $22.99 paperback  649
Robert M. Galatzer-Levy
The Therapeutic Alliance: Steven T. Levy. Madison, CT: International Universities Press, 1999, 155 pp., $27.50  653
Antoine G. Hani
Work
Work and its Inhibitions: Psychoanalytic Essays: Charles W. Socarides and Selma Kramer. Madison, CT: International Universities Press, 1997, 276 pp., $42.50.  659
Melvin Singer
Work and the Evolving Self: Steven D. Axelrod. The Analytic Press: Hillsdale, NJ, 1999, 171 pp., $29.95.  663
Barbara Fajardo
Practice
Psychotherapy and Confidentiality: Testimonial Privileged Communication, Breach of Confidentiality, and Reporting Duties. Ralph Slovenko. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1998, 640 pp., $80.00.  665
Paul W. Mosher
Psychoanalytic Therapy as Health Care: Effectiveness and Economics in the Twenty-First Century: Harriette Kaley, Morris N. Eagle, and David L. Wolitzky. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 1999, 312 pp., $49.95.  669
Jane F. Buckwalter
Report from Abroad: A Letter from Greece  675
Peter Hartocollis
The Merchant of Venice  681
Earl Hopper
The Merchant of Venice  682
David G. Millar
Intersubjectivity and the Philosophical Tradition  684
Roger Frie
Early Light on a “Relatively Neglected” Topic  686
Robert D. Stolorow
Issue 3
Shelley Orgel  696
 
On Gratitude and Gratification  697
Glen O. Gabbard
Glen O Gabbard  718
 
Letting Go: Some Thoughts About Termination  719
Shelley Orgel
Suggestion and Psychoanalytic Technique  739
Steven T. Levy and Lawrence B. Inderbitzin
Future and Potentiality in the Psychoanalytic Process  759
Peter Schou
The Wish to Regress in Patient and Analyst  785
Stanley J. Coen
Passion, Countertransference Enactment, and Breakdown in the Psychoanalysis of a Young Woman  811
Peter Wegner
The Consultation Process with an Adult: A Child Analyst's Perspective  839
Claudia Lament
The Influence of the Gender of Patient and Analyst in the Psychoanalytic Relationship  859
Otto F. Kernberg
Patient-Therapist Match: Revelation or Resistance?  885
Susan C. Vaughan and Steven P. Roose
A Return to Basics: Psychoanalytic Conceptualization of Motivation  901
Alan Kindler
The Mechanism of Action of Psychoanalytic Treatment  919
Jon P. Ellman
Modern Defense Analysis: Three Perspectives on the Same Hours  929
James Hansell
The Private and the Public: Psychoanalysis as “Letter”  945
Jorge L. Ahumada
Allen Wheelis  958
 
The Listener: A Psychonalyst Examines His Life: Allen Wheelis. New York: W. W. Norton, 1999, 256 pp., $25.95  959
Glen O. Gabbard
Ideas and Identities: The Life and Work of Erik Erikson: Edited by Robert S. Wallerstein and Leo Goldberger. Madison, CT: International Universities Press, 1998, xii + 411 pp., $65.00.  962
Daniel P. Schwartz
Seduction, Surrender, and Transformation: Karen J. Maroda. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 1999, viii + 207 pp., $39.95  969
Barbara Pizer
Relational Perspectives on the Body: Lewis Aron and Frances Sommer Anderson. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 1998, xxviii +334 pp., $49.95  975
Margaret Crastnopol
Kohut, Loewald, and the Postmoderns: A Comparative Study of Self and Relationship: Judith Guss Teicholz. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 1999, xxvii + 287 pp., $47.50  979
Judith E. Vida
Internal Objects Revisited: Joseph Sandler and Anne-Marie Sandler. London: Karnac Books, 1998, 192 pp., $32.50 hardcover, $26.95 paperback  985
Howard B. Levine
Inner Torment: Living Between Conflict and Fragmentation: Salman Akhtar. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson, 1999, 318 pp., $50.00  987
Per Vaglum
Empirie Ohne Konzept? Einführung in Die Psychoanalytische Konzept-Forschung: Anna Ursula Dreher. Stuttgart: Verlag Internationale Psychoanalyse, 1998, 215 pp. $45.00  990
Leon Wurmser
Depth-Psychological Understanding: The Methodologic Grounding of Clinical Interpretations: Philip F.D. Rubovits-Seitz. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 1998, 496 pp., $69.95  993
Eric Gillett
The Analyst and the Working Alliance: The Reemergence of Convention in Psychoanalysis: Heinrich Deserno. Madison, CT: International Universities Press, 1998, xii + 167 pp., $30.00  997
Leonard Horwitz
Interpreting Interpretation: The Limits of Hermeneutic Psychoanalysis: Elyn R. Saks. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999, 263 pp., $35.00  1000
Cecilio Paniagua
Humor and Psyche: Psychoanalytic Perspectives: James W. Barron. Hillsdale: NJ, The Analytic Press, 1999, 248 pp., $45.00  1005
Cecile R. Bassen
Psychoanalysis and Culture at the Millennium: Nancy Ginsburg and Roy Ginsburg. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999, 394 pp., $42.00  1007
Donald B. Kuspit
Why Did Freud Reject God? A Psychodynamic Interpretation: Ana-Maria Rizzuto. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998, 256 pp., $35.00  1009
Janice Halpern
What Evil Means to Us: C. Fred Alford. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997, 185 pp., $22.50  1015
J. Reid Meloy
Hannibal: Thomas Harris. New York: Delacorte Press, 1999, 486 pp., $27.95 hardcover, $7.99 paperback  1017
Richard M. Gottlieb
The Lobo-Cabernite Affair  1023
Helena Besserman Vianna
The Lobo-Cabernite Affair  1030
Robert S. Wallerstein
The Lobo-Cabernite Affair  1036
Janine Puget
Issue 4 - Psychoanalysis, Development, and the Life Cycle
Psychoanalysis, Development, and the Life Cycle  1045
Phyllis Tyson
Sylvia Brody, Ph.D.  1051
Phyllis Tyson
Celebration and Innovation  1053
Arnold D. Richards
The Organized Categories of Infant, Child, and Adult Attachment: Flexible vs. Inflexible Attention Under Attachment-Related Stress  1055
Mary Main
Disorganized Infant, Child, and Adult Attachment: Collapse in Behavioral and Attentional Strategies  1097
Erik Hesse and Mary Main
Attachment
Attachment and Borderline Personality Disorder  1129
Peter Fonagy
The Development and Organization of Attachment: Implications for Psychoanalysis  1147
Arietta Slade
Discussion: A Clinician's View of Attachment Theory  1175
Judith F. Chused
Clinical Implications of Current Attachment Theory  1189
Stephen Seligman
Reapproaching Mahler: New Perspectives on Normal Autism, Symbiosis, Splitting and Libidinal Object Constancy from Cognitive Developmental Theory  1197
György Gergely
Childhood
On the Vicissitudes of Early Primary Surrogate Mothering II: Loss of the Surrogate Mother and Arrest of Mourning  1229
Harry T. Hardin and Daniel H. Hardin
A Psychoanalytic Perspective on Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder  1259
Karen Gilmore
The Adam and Eve Story as Exemplar of an Early-Life Variant of the Oedipus Complex  1295
Marvin P. Osman
Encopresis and Anal Masturbation  1327
Roy N. Aruffo, Segundo Ibarra and Karen R. Strupp
Primary Femininity: Clinical Advances and Theoretical Ambiguities  1355
Nancy Kulish
Femine Gender Identity
Body Ego and the Preodipal Roots of Feminine Gender Identity  1381
Richard Lasky
The Femininization of the Female Oedipal Complex, Part I: A Reconsideration of the Significance of Separation Issues  1413
Deanna Holtzman and Nancy Kulish
Barbie and the Tree of Life: The Multiple Functions of Gender in Development  1439
Judith A. Yanof
Separation-Individuation Phenomena in Adulthood: General Concepts and the Fifth Individuation  1467
Calvin A. Colarusso
The Overstimulated State of Dyslexia: Perception, Knowledge, and Learning  1491
Sydney W. Arkowitz
Countertransference Enactments Informed by Cancer in an Analyst's Child  1521
Sandra Bemesderfer
Infertility in the Age of Technology  1541
Sharon Zalusky
The Older Patient in Psychoanalysis  1563
Arthur F. Valenstein
Treatment of the Older Adult: The Impact on the Psychoanalyst  1591
Frieda Plotkin
Letters  1617
Leon Hoffman
Anna and Sigmund (Illustration)  1620
 
The Life Cycle
Anna and Sigmund at the Rue Royale  1621
Eugene Mahon
Psychoanalytic Therapy and the Gay Man: Jack Drescher. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 1998, 383 pp., $ 55.00.  1629
Martin Stephen Frommer
Learning Disabilities and Psychic Conflict: A Psychoanalytic Casebook: Arden Aibel Rothstein and Jules Glenn. Madison, CT: International Universities Press, 1999, viii + 504 pp., $78.00.  1633
Ernest Kafka
Ours, Yours, Mine: Mutuality and the Emergence of the Separate Self.Anni Bergman, in collabration with Maria F. Fahey. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson, 1999, xxiv + 457 pp., $45.00.  1637
Ruth S. Fischer
The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition: Michael Tomasello Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000, 248 pp., $29.95.  1641
Bonnie E. Litowitz
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