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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

 
List of Articles


Volume 53 (2005)

Issue 1
Comings and Goings  5
Steven T. Levy
The Lure of Hypocrisy  7
Anton O. Kris
Intuition: A Bridge to the Coenesthetic World of Experience  23
Heikki Piha
The Evolution of Paternal Identity in Late Adulthood  51
Calvin A. Colarusso
Rethinking Desire: The Objet Petit a in Lacanian Theory  83
Lewis A. Kirshner
Writing About Patients: IV. Patients' Reactions to Reading About Themselves  103
Judy L. Kantrowitz
Writing About Patients: V. Analysts Reading about Themselves as Patients  131
Judy L. Kantrowitz
The Child Analyst at Work  155
Phyllis Tyson
Affects, Agency, and Self-Regulation: Complexity Theory in the Treatment of Children with Anxiety and Disruptive Behavior Disorders  159
Phyllis Tyson
Translating Child Analysis from the Playroom to the Classroom: Opportunities and Choices  189
Donald L. Rosenblitt
Child Psychoanalysis and Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms: The Treatment of a Ten-Year-Old Boy  213
Rex H. McGehee
Early Developmental Issues Reconsidered: Commentary on Pine's Ideas on Symbiosis  239
Doris Silverman
Response to Doris Silverman  253
Fred Pine
Storytelling and Psychoanalytic Diversity  257
Joseph Schachter
Fred Busch Replies  258
Fred Busch Replies
Postanalytic Contacts in Institutes  260
Joseph Schachter
Judith A. Yanof and Howard B. Levine Respond  264
Judith A. Yanof and Howard B. Levine
The Lawsuit and Democratic Procedures  266
Arnold M. Cooper
Constructive Dialogue and Editorial Policy  267
Neil Altman and Jody Messler Davies
Eagle, Wakefield, and Wolitzky Respond  268
Morris N. Eagle, Jerome C. Wakefield and David L. Wolitzky
Reflections on Clinical Theory: Insight and Interpretation: The Essential Tools of Psycho Analysis. By Roy Schafer New York: Other Press, 2003, 179 pp., $40.00.Bad Feelings: Selected Psychoanalytic Essays. By Roy Schafer New York: Other Press, 2003, 180 pp., $40.00.  271
Sidney H. Phillips
Reflections on Clinical Theory: The Texture of Treatment: On The Matter of Psychoanalytic Technique. By Herbert J. Schlesinger Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 2003, 400 pp., $55.00.  280
Gerald I. Fogel
Reflections on Clinical Theory: L'imprévu En Séance (The Unforeseen In The Analytic Session). By Jacques André Paris: Gallimard, 2004, 186 pp., €16,90 ($22.12).  287
Dominique Scarfone
Reflections on Clinical Theory: Therapeutic Action: An Earnest Plea for Irony. By Jonathan Lear New York: Other Press, 2003, x + 246 pp., $40.00.  291
Stanley J. Coen
Reflections on Clinical Theory: From Late Adolescence To Young Adulthood. By David Dean Brockman Madison, CT: International Universities Press, 2003, 307 pp., $39.95.  296
Charles E. Parks
Reflections on Clinical Theory: Patterns: Building Blocks of Experience. By Marilyn Charles Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 2002, 185 pp., $39.95.  301
Mariam Cohen
Reflections on Clinical Theory: A Spirit of Inquiry. By Joseph D. Lichtenberg, Frank M. Lachmann, and James L. Fosshage Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 2002, 210 pp., $39.95.  306
Samuel Herschkowitz
Biography: Winnicott: Life and Work. By F. Robert Rodman Cambridge: Perseus Books, 2003, xiii + 461 pp., $30.00 hardcover, $20.00 paperback.  311
M. Nasir Ilahi
Biography: Jung: A Biography. By Deirdre Bair Boston: Little, Brown, 2003, 881 pp., $35.00.  317
Zvi Lothane
History and Psychoanalysis: Solitary Sex: A Cultural History of Masturbation. By Thomas Laqueur New York: Zone Books, 2003, 501 pp., $34.00.  325
Aaron H. Esman
History and Psychoanalysis: Psychoanalysis and History (The Annual of Psychoanalysis, Vol. XXXI). Edited by Jerome A. Winer and James William Anderson for the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis and the Chicago Psychoanalytic Society. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 2003, 272 pp., $49.90.  329
Hilary J. Beattie
Rapaport, Rangell, and General Theory  337
Joseph E. Lifschutz
Howard Shevrin Replies  338
Howard Shevrin
Issue 2 - Love, Shame, Revenge, and Forgiveness
Bridging the Academy and the Clinic  345
Bonnie Litowitz
Is There a Special Psychoanalytic Love?  349
Lawrence Friedman
Analytic Love and Human Vulnerability: A Comment on Lawrence Friedman's “Is There a Special Psychoanalytic Love?”  377
Martha C. Nussbaum
Response to Martha Nussbaum  385
Lawrence Friedman
Cordelia, Lear, and Forgiveness  389
Roy Schafer
Musing on Forgiveness: A Response to Roy Schafer  411
Madelon Sprengnether
Reply to Madelon Sprengnether  425
Roy Schafer
Pleasures of Mind  427
Paul Schwaber
The Impossibility of Forgiveness: Shame Fantasies as Instigators of Vengefulness in Euripides' Medea  437
Melvin R. Lansky
Shame Conflicts and Tragedy in The Scarlet Letter  465
Benjamin Kilborne
The Capacity of Forgive: Intrapsychic and Developmental Perspectives  485
Leonard Horwitz
Revenge  513
Hilary J. Beattie
The Social Face of Shame and Humiliation  525
Alisa R. Levine
The Legacy of Enrico Jones  535
Stuart T. Hauser
On Analytic Process  541
Stuart J. Ablon and Enrico E. Jones
Commentary on Ablon and Jones  569
Sidney J. Blatt
In Praise of Simplicity: Commentary on Ablon and Jones  579
Peter Fonagy
Reply to Blatt and Fonagy  591
Stuart J. Ablon
Empirical Evidence Supporting the Conceptual Relatedness of Object Representations and Internal Working Models  597
Geoff Goodman
Letter: Confoundng Factors in Research Populations  619
Jonathan E Rosenfeld
Blatt and Shahar Reply  620
Sidney J. Blatt and Golan Shahar
Psychoanalysis and Neuroscience: Wider than the Sky: The Phenomenal Gift of Consciousness. By Gerald M. Edelman. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004, 201 pp., $24.00.  625
Arnold H. Modell
Psychoanalysis and Neuroscience: The Midnight Disease: The Drive to Write, Writer's Block, and the Creative Brain. By Alice W. Flaherty. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2004, 320 pp., $24.00.  630
Lois Oppenheim
Psychoanalysis and Neuroscience: Brain Gender. By Melissa Hines. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004, 307 pp., $49.50.  634
James F. Leckman
Psychoanalysis and Neuroscience: Imagination and the Meaningful Brain. By Arnold H. Modell. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2003, 271 pp., $35.00.  636
Leon Hoffman
Psychoanalysis and Research: Subliminal Explorations of Perception, Dreams, and Fantasies: The Pioneering Contributions of Charles Fisher. Edited by Howard Shevrin. Madison, CT: International Universities Press, 2003, 197 pp., $49.95.  639
Steven Ellman
Psychoanalysis and Research: Experiences of Depression: Theoretical, Clinical, and Research Perspectives. By Sidney J. Blatt. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2004, xiii + 359 pp., $49.45.  644
Robert S. Wallerstein
Clinical Theory: Sexuality, Intimacy, Power. By Muriel Dimen. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 2003, 328 pp., $57.50.  651
Silvia M. V. Bell
Clinical Theory: Psychodynamic Treatment of Depression. By Frederic N. Busch, Marie G. Rudden, and Theodore Shapiro. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, 2004, 204 pp., $32.95.  657
Warren R. Procci
The Psychoanalytic Wars of Yesterday: Otto Fenichel: 119 Rundbriefe (One Hundred Nineteen Circular Letters) (1934-1945). Two volumes. Edited by Johannes Reichmayr and Else Mühlleitner. Frankfurt am Main: Stroemfeld Publications, 1998, 2137 pp., € 203.00.  663
Martin S. Bergmann
Psychoanalysis and the Arts: The Couch and the Silver Screen: Psychoanalytic Reflections on European Cinema. Edited by Andrea Sabbadini; foreword by Laura Mulvey. Brunner-Routledge: Hove and New York, 2003, 258 pp., $78.95 hardcover, $33.95 paperback.  673
Anita Weinreb Katz
Psychoanalysis and the Arts: Between Couch and Piano: Psychoanalysis, Music, Art and Neuroscience. By Gilbert J. Rose. Hove and New York: Brunner-Routledge, 2004, xxxi +189 pp., $75.00 hardcover, $27.95 paperback.  679
Martin L. Nass
Issue 3 - Clinical Theory
Challenges that Probe our Premises  691
Lawrence Friedman
The “Something More” than Interpretation Revisited: Sloppiness and Co-Creativity in the Psychoanalytic Encounter  693
Boston Change Process Study Group
Relational Knowing, Memory, Symbolization, and Language: Commentary on the Boston Change Process Study Group  731
Jonathan House and Stephen Portuges
Something is Different But What or Why is Unclear: Commentary on the Boston Change Process Study Group  745
Linda C. Mayes
When “Something More” is Less: Commentary on the Boston Change Process Study Group  751
Bonnie E. Litowitz
Response to Commentaries  761
Boston Change Process Study Group
Caring and Coercive Aspects of the Psychoanalytic Situation  771
Roy Schafer
The Struggle to Listen: Continuing Reflections, Lingering Paradoxes, and Some Thoughts on Recovery of Memory  789
Evelyne Albrecht Schwaber
How to Play with Patients who Would Rather Remain Remote  811
Stanley J. Coen
Psychoanalytic Controversies Contextualized  835
Dale Boesky
Hidden Shame  865
Melvin R. Lansky
Playing Dead: An Unconscious Fantasy, Bodily Focused Defenses, and Their Roots in Infancy  891
Sally Moskowitz
Interpretive Neutrality  917
Bernard Apfelbaum
Do We Do What We Think We Do? Implicit Theories in the Analyst's Mind  945
Matthew Silvan
“How Could This Happen to Me?”: Sexual Misconduct and us  957
John C. Foehl
Wild Analysis: A New Freud Translation: Wild Analysis. By Sigmund Freud. Translated by Alan Bance with an introduction by Adam Phillips. London: Penguin Books, 2002, xxxii + 222 pp., $20.01.  973
Peter Loewenberg
Trauma, Affect, and Conflict: Recent German Critiques: Allgemeine Psychoanalytische Krankheitslehre: Vol. I. Grundlagen; Vol. II. Modelle. By Rainer Krause. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1997-1998, 195 pp., 343 pp., €22.50.Lehrbuch Der Psychotraumat Ologie. By Gottfried Fischer and Peter Riedesser. 3rd rev. ed. München: Reinhardt, 2003, 410 pp., €39.90.  981
Leon Wurmser
Lacan: Phenomenology and Lacan on Schizophrenia, After the Decade of the Brain. By Alphonse De Waelhens and Wilfried Ver Eecke. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2001, 337 pp., $62.50 paperback.  991
Stanley Possick
Lacan: The Cambridge Companion to Lacan. Edited by Jean-Michel Rabaté. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003, 287 pp., $23.99.  997
Dominique Scarfone
Clinical Theory and Practice: Le Divan Bien Tempéré (The Well-Tempered Couch). By Jean-Luc Donnet. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1995, 320 pp., €28,50.La Fin Du Divan? (End of the Couch?). By Raymond Cahn. Paris: Odile Jacob, 2002, 259 pp., €24,50.  1005
Emmett Wilson, Jr.
Clinical Theory and Practice: L'empatia Psicoanalitica. (Psychoanalytic Empathy). By Stefano Bolognini. Torino, Italy: Bollati Boringhieri, 2002, 225 pp., $29.00.  1010
Delia Battin
Clinical Theory and Practice: Relational Child Psychotherapy. By Neil Altman, Richard Briggs, Jay Frankel, Daniel Gensler, and Pasqual Pantone. New York: Other Press, 2002, 410 pp., $50.00.  1014
Joanne Naegele
Clinical Theory and Practice: Harvesting Free Association. By Marita Torsti-Hagman; translated by Ellen Valle and Kristina Jalas. London: Free Association Books, 2003, 174 pp., $29.95.  1018
Leon Hoffman
Ethics and Religion: Confidentiality: Ethical Perspectives and Clinical Di Lemmas. Edited by Charles D. Levin, Allannah Furlong, and Mary Kay O'Neil. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 2003, 325 pp., $55.00.  1023
David I. Joseph
Ethics and Religion: The Ethic of Honesty: The Fundamental Rule of Psychoanalysis. By M. Guy Thompson. Amsterdam: Rodopi Press, 2004, xxii + 169 pp., $36.00.  1029
Stanley A. Leavy
Ethics and Religion: Minding Spirituality (Vol. 24 in the Relational Perspectives Book Series). By Randall Lehmann Sorenson. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 2004, viii + 191 pp., $39.95.  1032
W. W. Meissner
Issue 4 - Gender
A New Look at Core Gender and Gender Role Identity in Women  1045
Ethel Spector Person
Premodern, Modern, and Postmodern Perspectives on Sex and Gender Mixes  1059
Helen K. Gediman
Gender in Linear and Nonlinear History  1079
Adrienne Harris
Gender on the Modern-Postmodern and Classical-Relational Divide: Untangling History and Epistemology  1097
Nancy J. Chodorow
A New Look at Core Gender and Gender Role Identity in Women: Commentary  1119
Catharine R. Stimpson
Transforming Feminine Categories: Genealogies of Virginity and Sainthood  1133
Susan E. Stiritz and Britt-Marie Schiller
The Changing Language of Female Development  1161
Kay McDermott Long
A Developmental Perspective on the Ideal of Reason in American Constitutional Law  1175
Anne C. Dailey
The Dreamer's use of Space  1205
Howard M. Katz
When the Analyst Dies: Dealing with the Aftermath  1235
Tove Traesdal
As the Wheel Turns: A Centennial Reflection on Freud's Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality  1257
Ethel Spector Person
Bridging Cultures or Withering on the Vine  1283
Stuart T. Hauser
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: Depression: A Case of Misdirected Aggression?  1291
Suzanne K. Haddad, Jenae M. Neiderhiser, Erica L. Spotts and David Reiss
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: The Search for Selfhood in Autistic Disorders: An Interdisciplinary Approach  1293
Vera Regina J.R.M. Fonseca and Vera Silvia R. Bussab
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: On Potential Space in Psychosomatics and Psychosis: A Rorschach Study  1296
Shira Tibon
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: Making Friends Through Warmth and Charm: Developing and Applying a new Measure of Social Competence  1299
Justine Larson and Sarah Whitton
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: The Structure of Psychological Mindedness  1301
Mark Beitel, Kathryne S. Blauvelt, Declan T. Barry and John J. Cecero
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: The Relation of Reflective Function to Neurocognitive Functioning in Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder  1305
Kenneth N. Levy, Kevin B. Meehan, Joseph S. Reynoso, Mark F. Lenzenweger, John F. Clarkin and Otto F. Kernberg
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: Borderline States of Being  1309
Robert J. Gregory
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: Therapist-Patient Interaction Rating Scale (TPIRS): Instrument Development and Preliminary Reliability  1311
Jorge E. Cassab, Frank E. Yeomans and John F. Clarkin
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: Approaches to Psychotherapy of Trauma: Differences Among Psychoanalysts, Psychodynamic Clinicians, and Cognitive Therapists  1315
Michele A. Schottenbauer, Diane B. Arnkoff, Carol R. Glass and Sheila Hafter Gray
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: Changes in Personality During the First Six Months of Analysis Using a Clinician Q-Sort Measure: A Preliminary Report  1321
Rosemary Cogan and John H. Porcerelli
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: Changes in Object Relations Following Intensive Psychoanalytically Oriented Inpatient Treatment  1323
John H. Porcerelli, Golan Shahar, Sidney J. Blatt, Richard Q. Ford, Jacqueline A. Mezza and Lisa M. Greenlee
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: Lisa and David: Two Patients’ Differing Retrospective Views of Psychotherapy Effectiveness  1325
Morris Roy and Elena Visconti di Modrone
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: Individual Personality Characteristics and Their Link to Couples’ Relationship Satisfaction  1328
Darshana Lele and Morton Kissen
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: Prediction of Relational Functioning from Attachment in Adult Romantic Relationships  1331
Alexis Cohen and Morris Eagle
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: The Relation of Shame to Anger in Intimate Adult Relationships  1333
Kristina S. M. Harter, Robert J. Waldinger and Marc S. Schulz
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: Using Art to Teach About the Holocaust  1336
Mia Weinberger Biran and Edna Southard
Abstracts of the 2005 Poster Session of the American Psychoanalytic Association Winter Meeting: The use of Foucault's Historical Ontology to Research Key Concepts in the History of Psychoanalysis  1338
Robin M. Ward
Psychoanalysis and (Auto)Biography: Analyzing Freud Letters of H.D., Bryher, and Their Circle. Edited by Susan Stanford Friedman. New York:, New Directions, 2002. 615. $39.95.  1343
Sybil Houlding
Psychoanalysis and (Auto)Biography: Sabina Spielrein, Forgotten Pioneer of Psychoanalysis. Edited by Coline Covington and Barbara Wharton. New York: Brunner-Routledge, 2003, 320 pp., $52.95.  1349
William F. Riess
Psychoanalysis and (Auto)Biography: Freud The Man: An Intellectual Biography. By Lydia Flem. Translated by Susan Fairfield. New York: Other Press, 2003, 223 pp., $28.00.  1355
Rachel B. Blass
Psychoanalysis and (Auto)Biography: Gustav Mahler: A Life in Crisis. By Stuart Feder. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004, 368 pp., $39.95.  1361
Gregory D. Graham
Psychoanalysis and (Auto)Biography: Masud Khan: The Myth and the Reality. By Roger Willoughby. Foreword by Pearl King. London: Free Association Books, 2005, xxxii + 320 pp., $55.00.  1365
Peter L. Rudnytsky
Psychoanalysis and (Auto)Biography: My Life in Theory. By Leo Rangell. A JAPA Book. Edited by Fred Busch. New York: Other Press, 2004, 363 pp., $35.00.  1371
Jerome A. Winer
Psychoanalysis and (Auto)Biography: Watching and Praying: Personality Transformation in Eighteenth Century British Methodism. By Keith Haartman. Contemporary Psychoanalytic Studies 4. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2004, xii + 241 pp., $38.00.  1375
Richard T. Vann
Psychoanalysis and Developmental Theory: The Internal World and Attachment. By Geoff Goodman. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 2002, 339 pp., $57.50.  1383
Richard G. Honig
Psychoanalysis and Developmental Theory: Psychoanalytic Theories: Perspectives From Developmental Psychopathology. By Peter Fonagy and Mary Target. New York: Brunner-Routledge, 2003, 417 pp., $37.95.  1388
Michael Shulman
Psychoanalysis and Developmental Theory: The Present Moment in Psychotherapy and Everyday Life. By Daniel N. Stern. New York: W. W. Norton, 2004, xxi + 283 pp., $29.95.  1396
Richard Almond
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