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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

 
List of Articles


Volume 1 (2006)

Issue 1
Introduction: Self Psychology After Kohut—One Theory or Too Many?  1
William J. Coburn, Ph.D., Psy.D.
For Whom the Bell Tolls: Context, Complexity, and Compassion in Psychoanalysis  5
Donna M. Orange, Ph.D., Psy.D.
Developmental Systems Self Psychology  23
Estelle Shane, Ph.D.
Qualities of Engagement and the Analyst's Theory  47
Judith Guss Teicholz, ED.D.
Moments of an Analysis: My View from John Lindon's Couch  79
Philip A. Ringstrom, Ph.D., Psy.D.
Moments of Meeting: An Exploration of the Implicit Dimensions of Empathic Immersion in Adult and Child Treatment  103
Jacqueline J. Gotthold, Psy.D. and Dorienne Sorter, Ph.D.
Review Essay
Reason, Desire, and Selfhood: The Sources of Normativity by Christine M. Korsgaard, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996  121
Robert D. Stolorow, Ph.D.
Nanopsychaonalysis: The Present Moment in Psychotherapy and Everyday Life by Daniel N. Stern, New York: Norton, 2004  127
Joye Weisel-Barth, Ph.D., Psy.D.
Issue 2
Specificity Theory: Conceptualizing a Personal and Professional Quest for Therapeutic Possibility  133
Howard A. Bacal, M.D.
Loving the Neighbor-Thing: Freud with Rosenzweig  157
Eric L. Santner, Ph.D.
Divorce at Childbirth: A Self-Psychological Perspective  175
Hilary Hoge, M.D.
Finding Renee: A Clinical Symposium in Four Parts: Part One
Editor's Introduction  197
William J. Coburn, Ph.D., Psy.D.
Finding Renee  199
Lucyann Carlton, JD, Psy.D.
Unlocking Clinical Momentum: A Discussion of Lucyann and Renee  219
Joseph D. Lichtenberg, M.D.
The Journey: A Discussion of Lucyann and Renee  227
Barbara Pizer, ED.D., ABPP and Stuart A. Pizer, Ph.D., ABPP
Reply to Discussions: Conceptualizing a Personal and Professional Quest for Therapeutic Possibility  237
Lucyann Carlton, JD, Psy.D.
Review Essay
Experiencing Vitality  241
Anna Ornstein, M.D.
Editor's Note  251
William J. Coburn
Issue 3
Are Moral Outrage and Clinical Empathy Mutually Exclusive? A Clinical—Philosophical Inquiry  253
Robert D. Stolorow, Ph.D.
Weeble Wobbles: Resilience within the Psychoanalytic Situation  263
Phyllis E. DiAmbrosio, Ph.D.
Sustained Empathic Focus, Vulnerability, and the Centrality of Subjective-Affective Experience: Further Thoughts on a Self Psychological Approach to the Clinical Use of Dreams  285
Martin Livingston, Ph.D.
A Systems Sensibility: Commentary on Judith Teicholz's “Qualities of Engagement and the Analyst's Theory”  301
Judith Pickles, Ph.D., Psy.D.
Finding Renee: A Clinical Symposium in Four Parts Part Two
Struggling Out of the Box  317
Lucyann Carlton, Ph.D.
When the Music Changes, it is Possible to Come Out of the Box: A Relational Self Psychological Perspective of Lucyann Carlton's “Struggling Out of the Box”  329
Jame L. Fossage, Ph.D.
Analyzability and the Average Regrettable Environment: A Discussion of Lucyann Carlton's “Struggling Out of the Box”  341
Henry J. Friedman, M.D.
Response to James L. Fosshage and Henry J. Friedman  353
Lucyann Carlton, Ph.D.
Review Essay
A Search for Integration: Minding Spirituality by Randall Sorenson  357
Joye Weisel-Barth, Ph.D., Psy.D.
Editor's Note  363
William J. Coburn
Issue 4
Thinking and Writing About Complexity Theory in the Clinical Setting  365
Joye Weisel-Barth, Ph.D., Psy.D.
Reflections on Suicidal Children  389
Ronald A. Zirin, Ph.D., BIS
On Dissociation: Notes From a Space Alien  413
Stuart D. Perlman, Ph.D.
Negative Identifications, Messy Complexity, and Windows of Hope: Response to Pickles's Discussion of “Qualities of Engagement and the Analyst's Theory”  435
Judith Guss Teicholz, ED.D.
Finding Renee: A Clinical Symposium in Four Parts (Part Three)
Out of the Box  445
Lucyann Carlton, J.D., Psy.D.
Discussion of Lucyann Carlton's “Out of the Box”  457
Donna M. Orange, Ph.D., Psy.D.
An Interaction of Two Resiliencies  465
Carol Ann Munschauer, Ph.D.
Reply to Donna Orange and Carol Munschauer  475
Lucyann Carlton, J.D., Psy.D.
Editor's Note  479
William J. Coburn
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