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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

List of Articles

Volume 18 (1990)

Issue 1 - Psychoanalysis and Severe Emotional Illness
Issue Editor: Ann-Louise S. Silver, M.D.
Introduction  1
Ann-Louise S. Silver, M.D. and Morton B. Cantor, M.D.
Erotism and Chaos  5
Peter L. Giovacchini, M.D.
On the Question of Insight in Psychosis  18
John S. Kafka, M.D.
The “Black Hole” as the Basic Psychotic Experience: Some Newer Psychoanalytic and Neuroscience Perspectives on Psychosis  29
James S. Grotstein, M.D.
The Assets of the Mentally Handicapped: The Interplay of Mental Illness and Creativity  47
Frieda Fromm-Reichmann, M.D. and Ann-Louise S. Silver, M.D.
Parent-Child Effects on Performance, Thinking, and Communication in Families of Normal and Schizophrenic Sons  73
Denise C. Fort, Ph.D.
Infinite Reflections: The Opening Phase of Intensive Psychotherapy with a Chronically Schizophrenic Patient  99
Richard M. Waugaman, M.D. and Harold F. Searles, M.D.
The Synthetic Use of Movement and Verbal Psychoanalytic Psychotherapies  115
Charles Ragan, M.D. and Marjorie Seides, M.S., M.A., D.T.R.
Listening with the Big Ear: A Laingian Approach to Psychotic Families  131
Justin A. Frank, M.D.
Comments on the Pathogenesis and Psychopharmacological Management of the Borderline Disorder  145
Mortimer Ostow, M.D.
The European Teachers of Dr. Frieda Fromm-Reichmann  152
Barbara Dionis Petratos, M.S.
Psychoanalysis and Psychosis: The Contribution of Edward Kempf  167
Milton Engel, M.D.
Issue 2
Sex, Intimacy, and the Aging Process  185
Helen S. Kaplan, M.D., Ph.D.
Preoedipal Factors in “Little Hans”  206
David I. Joseph, M.D.
From Idealization to Ideal—From Attachment to Identification: The Female Analyst and the Female Patient  223
Althea J. Horner, Ph.D.
Depression: Variability of Intrapsychic and Sleep Parameters  233
Ramon Greenberg, M.D., Chester Pearlman, M.D., Richard Blacher, M.D., Howard Katz, M.D., Jerome Sashin, M.D. and Phillip Gottlieb, M.D.
Tola Rank  247
Paul Roazen, Ph.D.
The Evolutionary Functions of Repression and the Ego Defenses  260
Randolph M. Nesse, M.D.
Implications of an Evolutionary Metapsychology for Clinical Psychoanalysis  286
Alan T. Lloyd, M.D.
The Dual Meaning of Repression and the Adaptive Design of the Human Psyche  307
Malcolm Owen Slavin, Ph.D.
Compassion and Altruism in Psychoanalytic Theory: An Evolutionary Analysis of Self Psychology  342
Daniel Kriegman, Ph.D.
Is the Oedipus Complex a Darwinian Adaptation?  368
C. R. Badcock, Ph.D.
The Variety of Dream Experience: edited by Montague Ullman and Claire Limmer, Continuum, 1987, New York, 294 pp., $19.95.  378
John P. Briggs, M.D.
Dream Fulfillment: Mariá Carmen Gear, Ernesto César Liendo, and Lila Lee Scott, with Felix Reyna, Jason Aronson, Inc., Northvale, NJ, London, 1988, xviii + 230 pp., $19.95.  380
Nathan Roth, M.D.
A Narrative Textbook of Psychoanalysis: Peter L. Giovacchini, Aronson, New York, 1987, 392 pp.  381
Marvin G. Drellich, M.D.
Issue 3
Freud's Last Will: Introduction by Paul Roazen  383
Paul Roazen
Probate Copy  386
Paul Roazen
Androgyne Becomes Bisexual in Sexological Theory: Plato to Freud and Neuroscience  392
John Money, Ph.D.
Ontogenesis of Boyhood Gender Identity Disorder  414
Susan Coates, Ph.D.
Free Association and Changing Models of Mind  439
Lewis Aron, Ph.D.
The Concept of Dissociation  460
Robert M. Counts, M.D.
Psychological Studies of Woodrow Wilson: Comparing Freud-Bullitt and Other Psychobiographies  480
Silas L. Warner, M.D.
On Internalization in Group Psychology: The Group Within  494
Saul Scheidlinger, Ph.D.
Borderline Personality Organization and The Transition to The Depressive Position  505
Lawrence J. Brown, Ph.D.
Does Neurology Inform Psychoanalysis? A Case Report  512
Nathan Roth, M.D.
34th Annual Meeting: On Cults, Family Systems, and Competitiveness  519
Johanna A. Hoffman, M.D.
34th Annual Meeting: Psychopharmacology and Neurophysiology of Clinical Interest to Psychoanalysts  520
Jane Simon, M.D.
34th Annual Meeting: On Psychopathology in Films  521
John Schosheim, M.D.
34th Annual Meeting: On Names, Games, and Word Processors  523
Lillian H. Robinson, M.D.
Dreams in New Perspective: The Royal Road Revisited: edited by Myron L. Glucksman, M.D. and Silas L. Warner, M.D., Human Sciences Press, New York, 1987, 152 pp., $27.95.  525
Sydney E. Pulver, M.D.
Freud: A Life for Our Time: Peter Gay, W. W. Norton & Co., New York, 1988, 672 pp., $25.00.  528
Claudio Cepeda, M.D.
A Mind of Her Own: The Life of Karen Horney: Susan Quinn, Summit Books, New York, 1987, 479 pp., $22.95.  530
Nathan Roth, M.D.
The Anatomy of Psychotherapy: Lawrence Friedman, The Analytic Press, Hillsdale, N.J., 1988, 600 pp.  531
Richard D. Chessick, M.D.
Issue 4
Exploring an Object Relations Perspective on Borderline Conditions  539
Saul Tuttman, M.D., Ph.D.
Thoughts about the Origins of Femininity  554
Martha Kirkpatrick, M.D.
Intrapsychic Structure, Object Relations, and Interpersonal Interaction: Treatment Process and Change in the Psychiatric Hospital  566
Stephen F. Bauer, M.D.
Emotional Induction: Communication Via the Countertransference  587
Andrew Lotterman, M.D.
The Impact of the Psychoanalyst's Serious Illness on Psychoanalytic Work  613
Judith Haisfield Gurtman, Ph.D.
Family Scapegoating in the Life and Works of Karen Blixen (Isak Dinesen)  626
Fady Hajal, M.D.
The Narcissus Legend, the White Whale, and Ahab's Narcissistic Rage: A Self-Psychological Perspective  644
Efrain A. Gomez, M.D.
Defense Mechanism Correlates of Orality  654
Robert F. Bornstein, Ph.D., Roger P. Greenberg, Ph.D., Dean R. Leone, M.A. and Donna J. Galley, B.A
On Falling in Love and Creativity  667
Richard A. Winters, M.D.
On Creativity and Pathological Processes  668
James C. Bozzuto, M.D.
On the Artist and the Creative Process  669
M. O. Strahl, M.D.
On Anna Freud  674
Silas L. Warner, M.D.
The Psychoanalytic Process: Theory, Clinical Observation and Empirical Research: Joseph Weiss, Harold Sampson, and the Mount Zion Psychotherapy Research Group, The Guilford Press, New York and London, 1986, 423 pp.  676
Richard C. Friedman, M.D.
Integration and Self-Healing: Affect, Trauma, Alexithymia: Henry Krystal, M.D., with contribution John H. Krystal, M.D., Analytic Press, Hillsdale, NJ, 1988, 383 pp., $39.95.  678
Klaus D. Hoppe, M.D., Ph.D.
Male and Female Homosexuality: edited by Louis Diamant, Hemisphere Publishing, Washington, DC, 1987, 292 pp., $39.50.  680
Judd Marmor
Sigmund Freud's Christian Unconscious: Paul C. Vitz, The Guilford Press, New York, London, 1988, xv + 287 pp., $19.95.  681
Nathan Roth, M.D.
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