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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

List of Articles

Volume 73 (2004)

Issue 1 - The Third in Psychoanalysis
Original Articles
Beyond Doer and Done to: An Intersubjective View of Thirdness  5
Jessica Benjamin, Ph.D.
Subjectivity, Objectivity, and Triangular Space  47
Ronald Britton, F.R.C.PSYCH
The Relational Unconscious: A Core Element of Intersubjectivity, Thirdness, and Clinical Process  63
Samuel Gerson, Ph.D.
Thirdness and Psychoanalytic Concepts  99
André Green
Solving the Problems of Duality: The Third and Self-Consciousness  137
Michele Minolli, Ph.D. and Maria Luisa Tricoli, Ph.D.
The Analytic Third: Implications for Psychoanalytic Theory and Technique  167
Thomas H. Ogden, M.D.
The Third in Mind  197
Daniel WidlöCher, M.D.
The Third Position: Reflections about the Internal Analytic Working Process  215
Ralf Zwiebel, M.D.
The Third: A Brief Historical Analysis of an Idea  267
Charles M. T. Hanly, Ph.D.
Issue 2
Original Articles
A Study of Preschool Children's Linking of Genitals and Gender  291
Nancie V. Senet, Ph.D.
The Analyst's Trust and Therapeutic Action  335
Kenneth A. Frank, Ph.D.
Playing and Working Through: A Neglected Analogy  379
Eugene J. Mahon, M.D.
On Psychotic Transference and Countertransference  415
Thomas Müller, Ph.D.
Winnicott's Response to Klein  453
Robert Ehrlich, Ph.D.
Questioning Authority in the Psychoanalytic Classroom  485
Dawn Skorczewski, Ph.D.
Brief Communications
Creativity and Psychodynamics  511
Charles Brenner, M.D.
Who Owns the Countertransference?  517
Arnold Goldberg, M.D.
The Seduction of Money: An Addendum  525
Arnold Rothstein, M.D.
Sexuality, Intimacy, Power. By Muriel Dimen. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press, 2003. 328 pp.  531
Ruth Fischer
Affect Regulation, Mentalization, and the Development of the Self. By Peter Fonagy, György Gergely, Elliot L. Jurist, and Mary Target. New York: Other Press, 2002. 578 pp.  535
Wendy Olesker
Attachment Theory and Psychoanalysis. By Peter Fonagy. New York: Other Press, 2001. 262 pages.  546
Gregory D. Graham
Windows. By J.-B. Pontalis, trans. Anne Quinney. Lincoln, NE: Univ. of Nebraska Press, 2003. 142 pp.  549
W. W. Meissner, S.J.
Affect Intolerance in Patient and Analyst. By Stanley Coen. Northvale, NJ: Aronson, 2002. 290 pp.  551
Sybil A. Ginsburg
Father Hunger: Explorations with Adults and Children. By James M. Herzog. Hillsdale, NJ/London: Analytic Press, 2001. 324 pp.  555
Martin A. Silverman
Pep CD-ROM, Archive 1, Version 3. Published by Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing,  566
Robert Michels and Russell A. Scholl
Psyche: 56/57, July 2002 - June 2003  573
Cordelia Schmidt-Hellerau, Ph.D.
Issue 3
Original Articles
The Imaginer and the Imagined  591
Lucy LaFarge, M.D.
The Analyst's Fantasy of the Ideal Patient  627
Henry F. Smith, M.D.
The Psychoanalyst as Individual: Self-Analysis and Gradients of Functioning  659
Antonino Ferro, M.D. and Roberto Basile, M.D.
One form of Self-Analysis  683
Fred L. Griffin, M.D.
Haunted by Parents: A Literary Example of Change Meaning LossEdna St. Vincent Millay  717
Leonard Shengold, M.D.
Special Contribution
Introduction to Jean-Jacques BléVis's “Remains to be Transmitted: Primo Levi's Traumatic Dream”  737
Richard B. Simpson, M.D.
Remains to be Transmitted: Primo Levi'S Traumatic Dream  751
Jean-Jacques BlÉvis, M.D.
Editor's Note  771
Henry F. Smith, M.D.
Three Psychoanalytic Sessions  773
Riccardo Lombardi, M.D.
Commentary on Dr. Riccardo Lombardi'S “Three Psychoanalytic Sessions”  787
James S. Grotstein, M.D.
Commentary on Dr. Riccardo Lombardi's “Three Psychoanalytic Sessions”  793
Vincenzo Bonaminio, Ph.D.
Commentary on Dr. Riccardo Lombardi'S “Three Psychoanalytic Sessions”  801
Jay Greenberg, Ph.D.
Response to Commentaries on “Three Psychoanalytic Sessions”  807
Riccardo Lombardi, M.D.
Imagination and the Meaningful Brain. By Arnold Modell, M.D. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003. 253 pp.  817
Leon Balter
Relationality: From Attachment to Intersubjectivity. By Stephen A. Mitchell, Ph.D. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press, 2000. 173 pp.  828
Howard B. Levine
The Hartmann Era. Edited by Martin S. Bergmann, Ph.D. New York: Other Press, 2000. 374 pp.  836
Ernest Kafka
With a Woman's Voice: A Writer's Struggle for Emotional Freedom. By Lucy Daniels, Ph.D. Laham, MD: Madison Books, 2001. 320 pp.  852
Martin A. Silverman
Psicoanálisis: Revista de la Asociación Psicoanalítica de Buenos Aires (APdeBA)  863
Irene Cairo, M.D.
Issue 4
Jacob A. Arlow (1912-2004)  889
Charles Bernner
Original Articles
Father Hunger and Narcissistic Deformation  893
James M. Herzog, M.D.
Transcending Bitterness and Early Paternal Loss Through Mourning and Forgiveness  915
Shahrzad Siassi, Ph.D.
To Have and to Hold: On the Experience of Having an Other  939
Susan S. Levine, M.S.S.,, L.C.S.W.
Hearing the Faith in Time: Countertransference and Religious Metaphor in an Oncology Patient's Psychotherapy  971
Moshe Halevi Spero, Ph.D.
When Words Fail: Psychosomatic Illness and the Talking Cure  1023
Emily Kuriloff, PSYD
A Falsifying Adolescent  1041
Richard M. Billow, Ph.D.
Research Contribution
Saying the Right Thing at the Right Time: A View Through the Lens of the Analytic Process Scales (APS)  1079
Sherwood Waldron, M.D., Robert Scharf, M.D., James Crouse, Ph.D., Stephen K. Firestein, M.D., Anna Burton, M.D. and David Hurst, M.D.
New Clinical Realms: Pushing the Envelope of Theory and Technique. By Salman Akhtar, M.D. Northvale, NJ: Aronson, 2003. 300 pp.  1129
Robert Alan Glick
Transsexualism: Illusion and Reality. By Colette Chiland. Translated by Philip Slotkin. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan Univ. Press, 2003. 193 pp.  1132
Martin A. Silverman
Why Do Women Love Men and not Their Mothers? By Marie-Christine Hamon. Translated by Susan Fairfield. New York: Other Press, 2000. 251 pp.  1141
Nancy Kulish
From Late Adolescence to Young Adulthood. By David Dean Brockman, M.D. Madison, CT: Int. Univ. Press, 2003. 320 pp.  1147
Aaron H. Esman
Canadian Journal of Psychoanalysis  1151
William Butler, Ph.D.
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