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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

 
Browse by Author

L

L'Heureux-Le Beuf, DianeL, Álvarez de ToledoL, B. D.L, D.
L, E. L.L, F.L, J.L, L.
L, M.L, P.L, S.L, Storni
L, W.LLOEWENSTEIN, RUDOLF M.La Barre, Frances
La Barre, WestonLa Farge, LucyLa Perriere, KittyLa Porta, Ernesto M.
La Sala, FedericoLa Scala, MarcoLa Torre, DilettaLa Torre, Massimo
LaFarge, LucyLaFevers Evans, KathrynLaGuardia, EricLaMothe, Ryan
LaVietes, RuthLaâbi, AbdellatifLaabs-Siemon, ValerieLaakso, Maija-Liisa
Labat, Hélène S.Labbé, FrançoiseLabbé, P.Labbé, Paul
Labbe, PaulLable, IraLabooy, GuusLabrèche, Jacqueline
Labrousse-Hilaire, DanielleLabrune, LaurentLacan, J.Lacan, Jacques
Lacey, J. H.Lachauer, RudolfLacher, MichaelLachkar, Joan J.
Lachmann, AnnetteLachmann, Frank M.Lachmann, FrankLachtin, M.
Lackinger, FritzLacocque, Pierre E.Lacocque, Pierre-EmmanuelLacombe, P.
Lacombe, PierreLacoponi, EduardoLacoste, PatrickLacoursiere, Roy B.
Lacoursiere, RoyLacruz, Maria E.Lacter, Ellen P.Lacy, Timothy J.
Ladame, F. G.Ladame, FrançoısLadame, FrançoisLadame, Francois
Ladan, A.Ladan, AntonieLadan, ToniLaderman, Peter
Ladwig, Karl-HeinzLaender, Nadja R.Laezer, Katrin L.Lafarge, Isabelle
Laffal, JuliusLaffont, IsabelleLafforgue, PierreLaflamme, Valérie
Lafond, ClaudetteLafontaine, AndréeLaforce, GuidoLaforguae, René
Laforgue, P.Laforgue, R.Laforgue, RenéLagache, D.
Lagache, DanielLaganà, SantiLaganopoulos, MargheritaLager, Eric
Lagercrantz, HugoLagerlöf, Margaretha R.Lagerlöf, SvenLagerlof, Sven
Lagerlöf, UllaLagomasino, AndrewLahitte, Alberto F.Lahl, Aaron
Lahrmann, JessicaLahti, IlpoLahti, MelissaLai, Giampaolo
Lai, GianpaoloLaible, EvaLaiblin, W.Laiblin, Wilhelm
LaiblinLaidlaw, Robert W.Laimböck, AnnemarieLaimou, Evangelia
Laine, AiraLaing, R. D.Laing, Ronald D.Laird, Donald A.
Laita de Roda, PaulaLaitila, AarnoLaitinen, Dr. IrmeliLake, Ann
Lake, David A.Lake, DavidLake, HenryLake, James H.
Lake, SuzanneLal Eriksson, Per M.Lalanne, F.Laliberté, Vincent
Lalli, ChiaraLalli, NicolaLallo, PaulLalonde, Mary M.
Laloue, RenéLam, Judy N.Lamanno-Adamo, Vera L.Lamantea, Ruggiero
Lamb, SharonLambelet, LouisLambert, DaphneLambert, K.
Lambert, KennethLambert, Warren E.Lamberto, BorghiLambertucci-Mann, Sabina
Lambiase, EmilianoLamblin, BerlendeLambrecht, IngoLambrechts, Martine
Lament, ClaudiaLamey, Philip-JohnLamia, Mary C.Lamm, Leonard J.
Lämmer, DieterLammer-Triendl, SabineLammers, Ann C.Lamnidis, Nikos
Lamont, JohnLamont-Young, JenniferLamott, FranziskaLamparter, Ulrich
Lampe, ReinhardLampignano, AlbertoLampl, A. W.Lampl, E. E.
Lampl, H.Lampl, HansLampl-de Groot, A.Lampl-de Groot, J.
Lampl-de Groot, JeanneLamprell, MichaelLan, GaoLan, Jing
Lancaster, ElizabethLance, PhilipLancee, William J.Lanceley, Anne
Lançon, EdithLanctôt Bélanger, Marie C.Lanctôt, BélangerLanctôt-Bélanger, Marie-Claire
Land, Jay M.Land, LisLand, PatriciaLandau, Alice
Landau, Barry J.Landau, DavidLandau, Felicia L.Landau, Jeffrey S.
Landauer, EvaLandauer, K.Landauer, KarlLandauer
Lande, Maydee G.Landen, Sandra J.Lander, JosephLander, Rómulo
Landerholm-EK, LottaLanders, MaryLandi, DonatellaLandis, Anna E.
Landis, Anne E.Landis, BernardLandis, CarneyLandman, Louis
Landmann, KarenLandmann, S.Landmark, Anders F.Landmark, Johannes
Landoni, GiorgioLandphair, LisaLandquist, JohnLandry, Carolyn
Landström, CajsaLandwehr, Margarete J.Landy, MarciaLane, Christopher
Lane, CrispinLane, FionaLane, Frederick M.Lane, Richard D.
Lane, Robert C.Lanes, B. D.Lanes, M. C.Lanes, Mariette A.
Lanes, MarietteLanes, SamuelLanfranchi, Antonio K.Lanfredini, Roberta
Lang, Fabian U.Lang, FrancesLang, FritzLang, H.
Lang, HermannLang, J. B.Lang, J. L.Lang, Jo
Lang, Jos. B.Lang, Josef B.Lang, MargheritaLang, Robert
Lang, StaffanLangan, R.Langan, RobertLange, Adrianne
Lange, Christopher L.Lange, J.Lange, JonLange-Kirchheim, Astrid
Langegger, F.Langenbach, MichaelLanger, GeorgLanger, Lidia L.
Langer, MaríaLanger, MariaLanger, MarieLanger, Marte
Langer, RonLanger, S. J.Langer, Sydney E.Langer, Sydney
Langer, William L.Langher, VivianaLanglands, Sonia N.Langley, Jacqueline
Langlois, Jean-LouisLangman, LaurenLangner, Thomas S.Langnickel, Robert
Langosch, DeborahLangs, Robert J.Langs, RobertLanguirand, Mary A.
Lanier, Andrea S.Laniso, PiergiorgioLanman, MonicaLansky, Melvin R.
Lansky, MelvinLansman, SusanneLantos, BarbaraLantsheere, Baudouin d.
Lantz, ÅkeLantz, PirjoLanyado, MonicaLanyadová, Monica
Lanzara, DinoLanzmann, ClaudeLanzo, ShaneLaor, Ilana
Laor, NathanielLapidos, EvaLapkin, BenjaminLaplacette, Juan A.
Laplanche, J.Laplanche, JeanLaplantine, FrançoisLappeman, Maura
Lapponi, ElioLaps, BartLapuz, Lourdes V.Laquercia, Theodore
Laquerica, TheodoreLaquerrière, AnnieLaqueur, WalterLara, Fco. J.
Lara, Francisco J.Lara, JavierLardon, AndréLarguía, Alicia
Larivière, AndréeLarivière, MichaelLarivière, MichelLarkin, Ilana
Larkin, MichaelLarmo, AnneliLaroche, CatherineLaroche, J.
Larocque, LauretteLarose-Cuddihy, LouiseLarraín, M. E.Larrain, María E.
Larrain, Maria E.Larsen, KimLarsen, Randy J.Larsen, Randy
Larsen, ReedLarsen, T. K.Larsen, Tor K.Larsen-Paya, Martina
Larson, BoLarson, JustineLarson, WendyLarsson, Bo
Larsson, HanneLarsson, Mattias H.Lartigue, TeresaLaschinger, Bernice
Lascio, Roberta D.Laserna, Maria A.Lashinsky, Bertha K.Laskin, Muriel
Laskoski, Pricilla B.Lasky, EllaLasky, RichardLassers, Elisabeth
Lassers, Willard J.Lassmann, WolfgangLassri, DanaLasswell, Harold D.
Lastrucci, CristianoLasvergnas, IsabelleLasvergnas-Garcia, CoralieLaszig, Parfen
Laszlo, CarlLatawiec, TamaraLatham, J. R.Latif, Israil
Lätsch, DavidLattuada, Pier L.Latzer, YaelLaub, Dori
Laub, Lynne J.Laub, LynneLaubender, CarolynLaubi, Otto
Laudel, HansLaudo, IsabelLauer, Ch.Laufer, Edith
Laufer, EgléLaufer, EgleLaufer, EgleéLaufer, Laurie
Laufer, M. E.Laufer, M.Laufer, MosesLaughlin, Henry P.
Laughlin, RichardLauner, JohnLauniala, KariLauras-Petit, Agnès
Laurent, MélanieLaurent, VéroniqueLaurents, Matthew M.Laurie, R. S.
Lauriers, Austin D.Laurinaitis, EugenijusLauro, LouisLauro-Grotto, Rosapia
Lauru, DidierLauschner, WolfgangLauslahti, Pirkko M.Lauter, Paul
Lauteslager, MaxLauzel, Jean-PierreLavagetto, MarioLaval, Guy
Laval-Hygonenq, Marie-FrançoiseLavallée, GuyLavallee, GuyLavanchy, Pierrette L.
Lavanchy, PierretteLavanchy-Scaiola, ChloéLavender, BillLavender, Joan
Laverde-Rubio, EduardoLaverdière, OlivierLavery, David L.Lavfors, Kristin
Lavi, TaliLavin, MichaelLavin, Thomas P.Lawless, Kate
Lawlis, Grover M.Lawlor, DavidLawlor, KristaLawner, Peter
Lawrence, AmyLawrence, JohnLawrence, LaurenLawrence, Lynn S.
Lawrence, Margaret M.Lawrence, MarilynLawrence, SusanLawrence, T. E.
Lawrence, W. G.Laws, HollyLawson, Lewis A.Lawton, George
Lax, Ruth F.Lax, RuthLayard, JohnLayiou-Lignos, Effie
Layland, W. R.Layton, AlexanderLayton, Lynne B.Layton, Lynne
Lazar Smith, BruceLazar, AnnaLazar, Flora E.Lazăr, Ioana
Lazar, Norman D.Lazar, RinaLazar, Ross A.Lazar, Susan G.
Lazar, SusanLazar, ZoeLazar-Geroe, ClaraLazaratou, Helen
Lazarovici, Roland-YvesLazarus, Deborah L.Lazcano, RobertoLazell, E. W.
Lazell, Edward W.Lazenby, Anne L.Läzer, Katrin L.Lazes, Peter
Lazignac, CoralieLaznik, Marie C.Laznik, Marie-ChristineLaznik-Penot, Marie-Christine
Le Beuf, Diane L.Le Beuf, JacquesLe Bigot, JeanneLe Coultre, Ritske
Le Dem, JacquesLe François, BéatriceLe Gaufey, GuyLe Gouès, Gérard
Le Guellec, YvesLe Guen, AnnickLe Guen, ClaudLe Guen, Claude
Le Guérinel, E.-N.Le Soldat, JudithLeDoux, JosephLeVine, Robert A.
Leach, DavidLeach, Edmund R.Leach, EdmundLeach, Penelope
Leader, CarolLeader, DarianLeaff, Louis A.Leahy, Margo M.
Leahy, MargoLeak, SharonLeão, Inaura C.Lear, Jonathan
Leared, JeanLeary, Kimberlyn R.Leary, KimberlynLeaska, Mitchell A.
Leavitt, Harry C.Leavitt, JulieLeavitt, MaimonLeavitt, Major H.
Leavy, Stanley A.Leavy, StanleyLebauvy, DanielLebe, Doryann M.
Lebe, DoryannLebeau, VickyLebeaux, YvesLebel, Alain
Leber, AloysLebersorger, Karin J.Lebiger-Vogel, JudithLeblanc, J. A.
Lebmann, H.Lebovici, R.Lebovici, S.Lebovici, Serge
Lebovitz, Phil S.Lebrero, MartaLebrun, Jean-PierreLebzeltern, G.
Lech, BörjeLechartier, ChantalLechartier-Atlan, ChantaiLechartier-Atlan, Chantal
Lechat, F.Lechat, FernandLechevalier, BernardLechevalier, Bianca
Leckman, James F.Leclaire, MarieLeclaire, SergeLeclerc, Florence
Lecoq, ArletteLecours, SergeLeddick, Katherine H.Leddy, Kevin
Lederer, WolfgangLederer-Eckardt, GertrudLederman, RushiLederman, Selwyn
Ledermann, R.Ledermann, RushiLedoux, MaryLedoux, Michel
Lee, AlisonLee, AnthonyLee, EunjungLee, Francis
Lee, GilbertLee, Harry B.Lee, JanLee, Jonathan S.
Lee, Joon H.Lee, Joong-SunLee, KyooLee, Martha
Lee, Peter A.Lee, SusannaLee, TennysonLee, Zoe
Lee-Messner, HeatherLeeds, William M.Leeman, EveLeeman, Susan
Leeuwen, Kato V.Leevers, DavidLefcourt, Ilene S.Lefcowitz, Barbara F.
Lefebre, Ludwig B.Lefebre, LudwigLefebreLefebvre, Paul
Lefer, HeidiLefer, JayLefer, LeonLeff, Julian
Leffert, MarkLefford, ArthurLefort, Marie-SuzanneLefort, Rosine
Legendre, PierreLeggewie, ClausLegorreta, GabrielaLegow, Nancy
Lehaire, CéliaLehalle, BéatriceLehman, Anthony F.Lehman, Edward
Lehman, Karl D.Lehman, PeterLehmann, AntjeLehmann, H.
Lehmann, HerbertLehndorfer, PeterLehner, FritzLehr
Lehrer, Ronald L.Lehrer, RonaldLehrman, N. S.Lehrman, Nathaniel S.
Lehrman, Philip R.Lehrman, Samuel R.Lehtonen, JohannesLehtonen, Kaarina
Lehtonen, SakariLeib, Prudence T.Leib, PrudenceLeibin, Valerii
Leibovici, SolangeLeibow, StephenLeibowitz, Jill A.Leibowitz, Michael S.
Leibu, DoraLeichsenring, FalkLeichtman, MartinLeider, Robert J.
Leigh, RosalindLeighton, Alexander H.Leighton, JenniferLeiken, Stanley J.
Leikert, S.Leikert, SebastianLeiman, MikaelLeineweber, Bernd
Leipacher, MarkLeira, TorhildLeiser, EckartLeishman, Murray
LeistLeitch, MaryLeite, AdamLeite, Sônia d.
Leite, Teresa R.Leiter, NaomiLeites, EdmundLeites, Martha
Leites, NathanLeithäuser, ThomasLeitman, SusanLeitner, I.
Leitner, MarinaLeitner1, MarinaLeky, Lutz G.Lele, Darshana
Leli, UbaldoLemaigre, BernardLemaitre-Sillère, VéroniqueLemberger, Dorit
Lemche, ErwinLemert, CharlesLemieux-Amyot, CélineLemkau, Paul V.
Lemlij Saúl Peña, MoisésLemlij, MoisèsLemlij, MoisésLemma, Alessandra
Lemma, AlessandroLemmertz, J. J.Lemmertz, José J.Lemmon, Bronwen
Lemmons, KasiLemos, Marília B.Lempen, OliviaLempens, Marijke
Lena, Fanny ElisaLénárd, KataLenga, GerdLenkerd, Barbara
Lennard, Henry L.Lennon-Patience, SiobhanLenoff, LesterLenormand, H.-R.
Lenormand, MarieLensing, Leo A.Lentz, Joan S.Lentz, Kirsten
Lentzner, Jay R.Lenz, CynthiaLenz, RosaLenzenweger, Mark F.
Leon, Irving G.Leonard, Charles E.Leonard, Garry M.Leonard, Marjorie R.
Leonard, MarjorieLeonardi, P.Leonardi, PieroLeone, Carla
Leone, Dean R.Leone, Frank T.Leone, GiovannaLeoni, Federico
Leonidaki, VenetiaLeonoff, ArthurLepard, JeninaLepastier, Samuel
Lepecki, AndréLependorf, StanleyLepisto, Brenda L.Lepkowsky, Charles
Lepore, SilviaLepoutre, ThomasLepper, GeorgiaLeppo, L.
Leppo, LucianoLerman, AlexanderLerman, AnitaLerman, David
Lerner, Beatriz D.Lerner, BurtonLerner, Harriet E.Lerner, Howard D.
Lerner, HowardLerner, Joyce A.Lerner, JoyceLerner, Leila
Lerner, MarianneLerner, PabloLerner, Paul M.Lerner, Yaacov
Leroux, JulienLeroy, ChristineLesche, CarlLeschinger, Frank B.
Leschnitzer, Adolf F.Leshan, LawrenceLesley, JoanLesmeister, Roman
Lesser, Leona N.Lesser, LillianLesser, MayLesser, Ronnie C.
Lesser, Ruth M.Lesser, RuthLesser, Simon O.Lesser, Stanley R.
Lessmann, KarlaLessy, Rose E.Lester, DavidLester, E. P.
Lester, Eva P.Lester, EvaLester, HilaryLester, Milton
Leszcz, MolynLeszczynska, AnnaLeszczynska-Koenen, AnnaLetarte, P.
Letarte, PauletteLetarte, PaulletteLetendre, Paul J.Lethbridge, David
Letley, EmmaLettieri, RichardLeuba J.Leuba, J.
Leuba, JohnLeube, J.Leunens, LieveLeupold-Löwenthal, Harald
Leuschner, W.Leuschner, WolfgangLeuthold, HansLeutrum, Matthias
Leuzınger-Bohleber, MarıanneLeuzinger-Bohleber, MarianneLeuzinger-Bohler, MarianneLev, Gideon
Levander, LisaLevander, SonjaLevaque, CaroleLevarie, Siegmund
Levay, Alexander N.Leve, MichelleLevendosky, Alytia A.Levene, Doron
Levene, Howard I.Levene, Judith E.Levene, JudithLevengood, Robert
Levenkron, HollyLevenson, Alan I.Levenson, Edgar A.Levenson, Edgar
Levenson, Lawrence N.Levenson, LawrenceLevenson, RickiLeventhal, Hazel
Leverenz, DavidLeveton, Alan F.Levey, Elizabeth J.Levey, Harry B.
Levey, MarkLevi, A. W.Levi, AureliaLevi, Joseph
Levi, L. D.Levi, OfirLevi, SheilaLevick, Barbara
Levick, Stephen E.Levidow, LesLevin, A. J.Levin, Bruce J.
Levin, Carol B.Levin, Charles D.Levin, CharlesLevin, D. C.
Levin, David M.Levin, DeborahLevin, Edmund C.Levin, Emily
Levin, F. M.Levin, Fred M.Levin, FredLevin, Gerald
Levin, Gloria B.Levin, JackLevin, JeffLevin, Kenneth
Levin, LeonLevin, MaxLevin, MichaelLevin, Revella
Levin, RossLevin, SidneyLevin, TomLevine, Adeline
Levine, Alisa R.Levine, Alison B.Levine, Candace O.Levine, David P.
Levine, DeborahLevine, Edward M.Levine, Frederic J.Levine, Hilary
Levine, Howard B.Levine, HowardLevine, IsraelLevine, Jacob
Levine, Jerome M.Levine, Julie A.Levine, LaurenLevine, Mark D.
Levine, MauriceLevine, Michael G.Levine, Milton I.Levine, Peter A.
Levine, RichardLevine, RonnieLevine, Stephen B.Levine, Steven Z.
Levine, Susan S.Levinger, LeahLevinsky-Wohl, MinaLevinson, Alice
Levinson, Dorthy M.Levinson, GordonLevinson, HarryLevinson, Laurie
Levinson, Michael H.Levinson, Nadine A.Levisee, KellyLevit, David B.
Levit, DavidLevitan, H. L.Levitan, Harold L.Levitan, Harold
Levite, ZivaLevitt, CyrilLevitt, H. N.Levitt, Jill T.
Levitt, Laura S.Levitt, MortonLevitz, Judy A.Levowitz-Treu, Micheline
Levrau, FrançoisLevy, —Norman J.Levy, Alan J.Lévy, André
Lévy, AnnLevy, Carol B.Levy, David M.Levy, Donald
Levy, Dr. P.Levy, Edwin I.Levy, Elizabeth J.Levy, Estelle
Levy, Florence J.Levy, FrancisLévy, FrançoisLevy, François
Levy, Ian P.Levy, IrisLevy, ItamarLevy, Jacques
Levy, JaneLévy, Jean-MichelLevy, JoshuaLevy, Judith M.
Levy, Judith S.Levy, JudithLévy, KataLevy, Kata
Levy, KenLevy, Kenneth N.Lévy, L.Levy, Lájos
Levy, LajosLevy, LiatLevy, LidiaLevy, Ludwig
Levy, Mary A.Levy, Norman J.Lévy, P.Levy, P.
Lévy, PierreLevy, PierreLevy, Raymond A.Levy, Raymond
Levy, RuggeroLevy, Steven T.Levy, StevenLévy-Soussan, Pierre
Levy-Suhl, MaxLevy-Valensi, Eliane A.Levy-Warren, AnnaLevy-Warren, Marsha H.
Levy-Warren, MarshaLew, ArthurLewes, KennethLewin, Bertram D.
Lewin, BertramLewin, CharlesLewin, Karl K.Lewin, Kurt
Lewin, Roger A.Lewin, StephanieLewin, TamaraLewin, Vivienne
Lewinberg, Ellen J.Lewinberg, EllenLewinsky, HildeLewis, Alfred B.
Lewis, Andrew J.Lewis, AubreyLewis, BonnelleLewis, Catherine R.
Lewis, Charles N.Lewis, Deirdre A.Lewis, Dorothy O.Lewis, E.
Lewis, EmanuelLewis, EveLewis, G.Lewis, Gayle R.
Lewis, GayleLewis, Gordon F.Lewis, Harvey A.Lewis, Helen B.
Lewis, I.Lewis, Jane R.Lewis, JaneLewis, Jeffrey I.
Lewis, JohnLewis, Jonathan D.Lewis, Judith S.Lewis, Julia M.
Lewis, JuliaLewis, Katie C.Lewis, KatieLewis, Kenneth
Lewis, Marc D.Lewis, Mary C.Lewis, MelvinLewis, Michael
Lewis, MindyLewis, Murray D.Lewis, N. D.Lewis, Nolan D.
Lewis, OwenLewis, TomLewis, William C.Lewkowicz, Alice B.
Lewkowicz, SérgioLewkowicz, SergioLewy, ErnstLey, Katharina
Ley, SusanLey, WolfgangLeysen, MarcLezzi, Golda
Lgerm, IanaLhulier, JoannaLi Causi, RenateLi, Thomas Cheuk W.
LiVecchi, PamelaLia, MarinaLia, MarinellaLiban, Alex
Libbey, MaryLibbrecht, KatrienLiberaran, DavidLiberman, Ariel
Liberman, D.Liberman, DavidLiberman, DevidLiberman, Robert P.
Libet, BenjaminLibrett, Jeffrey S.Libutti, Geni V.Licenziati, Francesco
Licenziati, FrancesoLichnitzky, W. M.Lichtenberg, CharlotteLichtenberg, Joe
Lichtenberg, Jos. D.Lichtenberg, Joseph D.Lichtenberg, JosephLichtenberg-Ettinger, Bracha
LichtenbergLichtenstein, DavidLichtenstein, HeinzLichtenstein, Paul
Lichtenstein, ThereseLichtman, CraigLichtman, RichardLichtmann, Ana
Lickint, K.Lickint, KlausLidmila, AlanLidz, Ruth W.
Lidz, TheodoreLiebeck-Kirschner, LotteLieber, R. O.Lieber, Ron
Lieber, Ronald O.Lieberman, Alicia F.Lieberman, AmyLieberman, Cheryl
Lieberman, DonnaLieberman, DorothyLieberman, E. J.Lieberman, Florence
Lieberman, James E.Lieberman, Janice S.Lieberman, JaniceLieberman, S.
Lieberman, StuartLieberman, SueLiebermann, GuidoLiebermann, Hans
Liebert, Robert M.Liebert, Robert S.Liebman, Samuel J.Liebsch, Burkhard
Liebsch, KatharinaLiebscher, MartinLiechty, DanielLief, Evelyn R.
Lief, Harold I.Lief, Nina R.Lief, VictorLiefmann, Else
Liegner, Evelyn J.Liegner, EvelynLiegner, Leonard M.Liem, M. Nguyen T.
Liendo, Ernesto C.Liepmann, WalterLiertz, Rh.Liertz, Rhaban
Liévain-Vantieghem, MarieLifschutz, Joseph E.Lifton, Betty J.Lifton, Robert J.
Ligeti, VeraLighezzolo-Alnot, JoelleLight, LindseyLightenberg, Ben
Lighthill, JamesLigorski, MarkLihn, HenryLijtmaer, Ruth M.
Lijtmaer, RuthLikierman, MeiraLilge, AndreaLilienfeld, Alfred
Lilienfeld, RobertLilja, AnnaLiljenfors, RikardLilleskov, Roy K.
Lilleskov, RoyLilliengren, PeterLilly, John C.Lim, David C. L.
Lim, Il-TschungLima da Rocha Barros, ElizabethLima, ConceiçãoLima, Estevam V.
Lima, Maria E.Limentani, A.Limentani, AdamLimentani, Amedeo
Lin, LanaLin, PeterLinciano, Anna D.Lincke, H.
Lincke, HaroldLinckeLind, John E.Lind, Lis
Lindahl Jacobsen, StineLindbom-Jakobson, MarikaLindbom-Jakobsson, MarikaLinde, Rhonda
Linde, SolweigLindell, JuhaniLindem, KarenLindeman, Eduard C.
Lindemann, AnnaLindemann, ErichLindemann, GesaLinden, David E.
Lindén, JitkaLindén, StaffanLinden, WalfriedLindenau, Heinrich
Lindenbaum, Joyce P.Lindenman, Catherine V.Lindenman, CatherineLindenmeyer, Cristina
Lindes, Rosario S.Lindgren, IngridLindgren, LenaLindgren, Ola
Lindinger, HelgeLindley, DanielLindner, ReinhardLindner, Robert M.
Lindner, S.Lindner, SamuelLindner, Wulf-VolkerLindon, John A.
Lindorfer, BettinaLindorff, DavidLindquist, OnaLindqvist, Marja
Lindsay, MaryLindsay, S. F.Lindsay, S.Lindstrom, Birgit
Lindt, HendrikLindy, David C.Lindy, DavidLindy, Jacob D.
Lindzey, GardnerLines, ScottLingam, RaviLingiardi, V.
Lingiardi, VittorioLinington, MarkLink, Deborah S.Linn, Louis
Linna, LeenaLinna-Koskela, LeenaLinnell, Zenos M.Linnemann, Ebbe J.
Linnington, MarkLionells, Marylou J.Lionells, MarylouLiotta, Elena
Liotti, GiovanniLipin, TheodoreLipkowitz, Marvin H.Lipovetsky, Vladimir
Lippe, DidierLippe, WendyLippert, RenateLippi, Silvia
Lippincott, Joan L.Lippman, Hyman S.Lippman, Robert L.Lippmann, Paul
Lipschitz, FredLipschütz, KerstinLipschutz, Louis S.Lipscomb, Patricia A.
Lipshires, SidneyLipshitz-Phillips, SusanLipshutz, Daniel M.Lipsius, Steven H.
Lipson, Channing T.Lipson, May F.Lipton, Edgar L.Lipton, Edgar
Lipton, JoanLipton, LeahLipton, Samuel D.Lirerman, David
Lírio, Daniel R.Lisanti, FeliceLisboa, Maria L.Lisciotto, Donatella
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Loukomskaïa, MarinaLounsky, IdaLouppe, AlbertLourdeaux, Lee
Lourié, AntonLourie, R. S.Lourie, Reginald S.Lousada, Julian
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Love, SidneyLoveland, RuthLovering, CatherineLovett, C. G.
Lovett, Christopher G.Loving, Adam R.Lovinger, Robert J.Lovinger, Sophie
Low Bt Abdullah, Nurul F.Low, B.Low, BarbaraLow, Janet
Low-Beer, MariannaLowder, GregoryLöwe, AngelicaLowe, Frank
Lowen, AlexanderLowen, AlexenderLowenfeld, HenryLowenfeld, Margaret
Lowenfeld, YelaLowenfield, HenryLowenhaupt, ElizabethLowenkopf, Eugene L.
Lowenkron, Aurea M.Lowenstein, JoyceLöwenstein, RudolfLowental, Uri
Lower, Richard B.Lower, RichardLowery, Ellen F.Lowie, Robert H.
Löwitsch, FranzLowtzky, F.Lowtzky, FannyLowtzky
Lowy, FredLowy, FrederickLöwy, MaxLowy, Samuel
Lowyck, BenedicteLoxterkamp, L.E.Loxterkamp, LorneLozoff, Marjorie
Lozoff, MiltonLu, KevinLubart, Joseph M.Lubart, William D.
Lubbe, TrevorLübben, SabineLuber, BruceLuber, M. P.
Lubin, Albert J.Lubin, AviLuborsky, Ellen B.Luborsky, Ellen
Luborsky, LesterLubtchansky, JacquelineLuca, DanielaLuca, Maria
Lucantoni, CinziaLucarelli, DanielaLucas, C. J.Lucas, Christopher
Lucas, Gerald M.Lucas, GérardLucas, Marilia M.Lucas, Richard
Lucas, S. H.Lucchelli, Juan P.Luce, Ralph A.Lucente, Randolph L.
Lucente, RandolphLucey, HelenLuche, Riccardo D.Luchetti, Alberto
Luchina, I. L.Luchina, I.Luchina, Isaac L.Luchina, Isaac
Luci, MonicaLucia, MariaLuciani, DorothyLuciano, Leppo
Lucka, EmilLucká, LucieLücking, IrmgardLucrèce, André
Lude, JochenLüdeke, HelmutLüders, WolframLudewyk-Gyoemroei, Edith
Ludin, JosefLudlam, MollyLudmer, Raul I.Ludolph, Pamela
Ludowyk-Gyomroi, EdithLudwig, A. O.Ludwig, Alfred O.Ludwig, Mark E.
Ludwig, Robert J.Ludwig-Körner, ChristianeLuel, Steven A.Luepnitz, Deborah A.
Luft, CynthiaLuft, Helmut H.Luft, HelmutLugar, Stephen
Lugli, MarcoLugo, JoseLugo, MartaLugrin, Yves
Luhrmann, Tanya M.Lui, BarbaraLuigi, Rossi P.Luiz, Claudia
Luizet, ÉmilieLukács, DénesLukács, DenesLukas, Edwin
Luke, J. T.Lukowitsky, Mark R.Lum, William B.Lumerman, Silvio
Lumermann, SilvioLuminet, DanielLund, HenrikLundberg, Sara
Lunde, RolfLundgren, JohnLundh, Lars-GunnarLundin, John A.
Lundin, JohnLundquist, RobertLundqvist, GunillaLundskow, George N.
Lundy, AllanLunn, SitsanneLunn, SusanneLunt, Aidan
Luomala, KatharineLuparello, Thomas J.Luperini, AriannaLupi, Robert S.
Lupinacci, Maria A.Lupton, J. R.Lupton, M. J.Lupton, Mary J.
Luque, P.Luquet, C. J.Luquet, C.-J.Luquet, Michèle
Luquet, MichelleLuquet, P.Luquet, PierreLuquet-Parat, C. J.
Luquet-Parat, C.-J.Lurcel, PauleLurger, StefanieLuria, A. R.
Luria, Al.Lurie, ItamarLurkhur, Karen A.Lürßen, Ernst
Lurssen, ErnstLury, JaneLüscher, KurtLush, Dora
Lush, MargaretLusignan, ThomasLusk, Sarah L.Lussana, G.
Lussana, P.Lussana, PierandreaLussana, StefanoLussano, Pierandrea
Lussheimer, Dr. P.Lussheimer, PaulLussier, A.Lussier, André
Lussier, AndreLussier, Jean-JacquesLussier, MartineLustig De Ferrer, Elfriede
Lustig, SusanaLustin, Jean-JacquesLustman, JeffreyLustman, Seymour L.
Lutenberg, Jaime M.Lutenberg, JaimeLüter, PeterLuthra, Veena
Luthra, Vikram S.Luthra, VikramLuti, ElaineLütkehaus, Ludger
Lutzi, JuttaLutzky, HarrietLuu, LinhLuymes, Marina
Luyten, PatriciaLuyten, PatrickLuz, Anette B.Luz
Luzès, PedroLuzes, PedroLuzuriaga, IsabelLyard, Denyse
Lyda, Zaccaria G.Lydia (Ryan's mother)Lyketsos, GeorgeLykke, Nina
Lynaugh, SusanLynaugh, ThomasLynch, Arthur A.Lynch, Arthur
Lynch, DavidLynch, MarellLynch, Paul E.Lynch, Shannon M.
Lynd, Helen M.Lyndon, LeighLynkeus, Joseph P.Lynn, David J.
Lyon, GyridLyon, Kathleen A.Lyon, LouiseLyon, Martin
Lyon, StephanieLyons, AlisonLyons, IrwinLyons, Joseph
Lyons, Lisa S.Lyons, LisaLyons-Ruth, KarlenLysaker, Paul H.
Lysebeth, MichèleLysebeth, Willy V.Lysebeth, WillyLysebeth-Ledent, Michèle V.
Lysebeth-Ledent, MichèleLyshak, FrancesLyth, Isabel M.Lyth, Oliver
Lyttelton, OliverLytton, Sidney M.Lytton, Sydney M.Lyytikäinen, Kyllikki
l'Heureux, Dianelannuzzo, Giovanni
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